Producing Jet Fuel - How Jet Fuel is Produced
How Jet Fuel is Produced
At refineries, a complicated sequence of processes takes place, transforming the raw materials into high-value products.
The most significant refining method is distillation which divides the raw materials into different streams characterized by their boiling points. The distillate streams are then further treated to remove any undesired components, like acids, metals, and sulfurs before they are selectively combined to yield the sought products. With that said, the principal distinction between the Jet A and Jet A-1 grades is the blending ratio of these streams.
At this period, additives are introduced into various products to increase fuel performance and durability to satisfy the requirements of the many specifications.
Jet fuels have a common boiling range of 150-270°C, (which is around the boiling scales of the gasoline and diesel used by ordinary consumer vehicles), and generally, account for around 10-15% of total refinery production (3000 tonnes per day for a medium to a large sized refinery).
Nevertheless, some yields are mainly directed by the quality and consistency of the refineries feedstocks and the market for other fuels in that regional or international market.